A Public Interest Litigation points to a litigation undertaken in securing public interest and confirm the availability of justice to socially disadvantaged parties. It was introduced by the former Supreme Court Judge, Justice P.N. Bhagwati. It is a relief on the traditional rule of locus standi.
The modus operandi for filing a PIL can be divided into two ways:
1. Filing: A PIL is filed in the same manner as a writ petition is filed either in the Supreme Court (Article 32) or in the High Court (Article 226).
2. Procedure: Approach us to file the case.
3. Collect necessary documents.
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P.I.L nowadays has become a very common practice to us. Public Interest Litigation refers to litigation undertaken to secure public interest and demonstrates the availability of justice to socially disadvantaged parties and was introduced by Justice P.N. Bhagwati. It is a relaxation on the traditional rule of locus standi.
Public Interest Litigation can clarify the law. It will hold public bodies to account by ensuring that they make appropriate decisions, act fairly and transparently and within the remit of their powers. It develops the law by giving judges the opportunity to interpret legislation.
The President of India Mr. Ramnath Kovind said “It is not without reason that Justice Bhagwati has been called the father of public interest litigation in India”. He also added “The idealism and simplicity of the highest court in the country responding to even a petition filed on a postcard is worthy of appreciation.”
Any Indian citizen can file a P.I.L. in the honorable court. The only condition of submitting a PIL is that it must not be filed with a self interest, but for the larger public interest. At times, even the court can take cognizance of a matter if it is one of utmost public importance, and appoint an advocate to handle the case.
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